The History of CPEC
Khunjerab Pass Opens for China-Pakistan Traffic
The Karakoram Highway — completed in 1979, after two decades of construction and the loss of hundreds of lives — opens for two-way traffic at the Khunjerab Pass border crossing. Four years later, the Khunerjab Pass would be open to foreign tourists.
China Agrees to Finance Gwadar Port and Makran Coastal Highway Construction
During a state visit to Pakistan, Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji agrees to finance the first phase of the construction of the Gwadar port and the Makran Coastal Highway that connects Gwadar to Karachi, Pakistan’s largest city.
Groundbreaking for Gwadar Port Construction Takes Place
Pakistani military ruler Gen. Pervez Musharraf and Chinese Vice Premier Wu Bangguo attend groundbreaking ceremony for the Gwadar Port. Musharraf describes the port as a gateway for “Central Asia and also China’s western region.”
PSA Operations at Gwadar Port Begin
The inauguration of PSA International’s operation of the Gwadar port takes place. The Singapore-based company was awarded the port concession in December 2006, though Dubai’s DP World was seen as the favorite.
Gwadar Handles First Bulk Shipment
The Gwadar port receives its first shipment: 72,700 metric tons of wheat — well above its capacity of 50,000 DWT. As a result, a portion of the shipment had to be offloaded onto another vessel before the ship was able to dock.
Gwadar Leasing Rights Transferred to Chinese Company
Leasing rights for the Gwadar port are transferred from PSA International to China Overseas Ports Holding Company, registered in Hong Kong. Direct talks between PSA and China Harbor Engineering Company, another Chinese state-owned enterprise, began in 2012.
China and Pakistan Agree to Develop ‘Economic Corridor’
During the visit of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang to Islamabad, China and Pakistan agree to develop an “economic corridor.” Li arrived in Islamabad after a trip to New Delhi, where he had discussed the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor.
China and Pakistan Agree to Develop CPEC Long-Term Plan
Newly-elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif makes a multi-day state visit to China. Beijing and Islamabad agree to “develop the long-term plan for [the] China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.”
Xi Jinping Visits Pakistan, Formally Inaugurates CPEC
Chinese President Xi Jinping begins a two-day visit to Pakistan, where he formally inaugurated the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor project.